GEOGRAPHY OBJ:
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2a (i) International migration is a global phenomenon that
is growing in scope, complexity and impact. Migration is
both a cause and effect of broader development processes
and an intrinsic feature of our ever globalizing world.
2a (ii) Seasonal Migration — The periodic movement of a
population from one region or climate to another in
accordance with the yearly cycle
2b (i) A source region might be an ocean, a large forest, a
desert, or open grasslands. Source regions must be large and
have similar, or uniform, traits throughout.
2b (ii) A destination region is a geographical
area consisting of all the services and infrastructure
necessary for the stay of a specific tourist or tourism
segment. Destinations are the competitive units of
incoming tourism.
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3a
1. Less Maintenance Cost:
Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite
high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite
less.
2. Cheap:
The transport channel is quite cheap as compared
rail and road Transport.
3. Useful for Bulky Goods: Heavy and bulky goods can be
transported easily at
little cost through water transport.
4. Useful During Natural Calamities:
During natural calamities like flood and rains, when
rail and road transport is disrupted, relief operations
can be operated through water transport.
5. Helpful in Defence:
Development of shipping is essential for the defence
of the country also. It is also called second line of
defence.
6. Important for Foreign Trade: Water transport plays
important role in foreign trade.
India's foreign trade is mainly dependent on water
transport.
(3b)
(i) It limits diffusion of ideas and technology: Poor
transportation limits the diffusion of the new ideas and
technology or innovations which contributes to economic
growth
(ii) It limits industrial growth: Poor transportation does limit
industrial growth as raw materials, services and finished
goods are not easily transported to the points of their need.
(iii) It discourages investors: Investors are usually
discouraged where there are poor development in
transportation
(iv) Inadequate exploitation of natural resources: Poor
transportation can limit effective exploitation of natural
resources in the area which tends to affect the Economic
growth of a nation.
OR
3a
1. Less Maintenance Cost:
Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite
high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite
less.
2. Cheap:
The transport channel is quite cheap as compared
rail and road Transport.
3. Useful for Bulky Goods: Heavy and bulky goods can be
transported easily at
little cost through water transport.
4. Useful During Natural Calamities:
During natural calamities like flood and rains, when
rail and road 247exams.net transport is disrupted, relief
operations
can be operated through water transport.
5. Helpful in Defence:
Development of shipping is essential for the defence
of the country also. It is also called second line of
defence.
6. Important for Foreign Trade: Water transport plays
important role in foreign trade.
India's foreign trade is mainly dependent on water
transport.
==================================
4ai)
Import substitution industrialization (ISI) is a trade and
economic policy which advocates replacing foreign imports
with domestic production.
4aii)
i)petrochemical
ii)iron
iii)breweries
iv)textiles
4b)
i)To reduce unemployment
ii)import substitution
policies allow a nation to be completely self-sufficient.
iii)to protect domestic industries from import competition.
iv)to reduce its foreign dependency through the local
production of
industrialized products.
4c)
i)make small products, mainly to be bought by individuals.
ii)Most are small-scale, suitable for factory units on
industrial estates.
iii)only a limited amounts of investment capital is needed.
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5a)Location
1. Between latitude 4°N and 14°N
2. Between longitude 3°E and 15°E
3. Located in the African continent
4. Located almost at the center of the curve made at the
Western part of the continent
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Michael Ishola Sanni

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